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Metadata Glossary


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Showing results from 1 to 50 of 184
Alternative dispute resolution (0-3) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.ATDRWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe alternative dispute resolution evaluates two aspects: (i) whether domestic commercial arbitration is regulated by law, all disputes can be submitted to arbitration and valid arbitration clauses are usually enforced by courts; and (ii) whether voluntary mediation and/or conciliation are a recognized way of resolving commercial disputes, they are regulated by law and there are financial incentives for parties to attempt mediation of conciliation. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Attorney fees (% of claim)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.ATFE.PRWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe attorney fees are the fees that plaintiff must advance to a local attorney in the standardized case, regardless of final reimbursement.
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Building quality control index (0-15) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.DCP.BQC.XD.015.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe building quality control index is the sum of the following six indices: quality of building regulations, quality control before construction, quality control during construction, quality control after construction, liability and insurance regimes and professional certifications. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Case management (0-6) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.CSMGWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe case management evaluates six aspects of the court case management system: (i) whether there are regulations setting time standards for key court events; (ii) whether there are regulations on adjournments and continuances; (iii) whether performance measurement reports are publicly available; (iv) whether a pretrial conference is available; (v) whether an electronic case management system for judges is available; and (vi) whether an electronic case management system for lawyers is available. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Commencement of proceedings index (0-3) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
RESLV.ISV.COPR.03.XD.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe commencement of proceedings index has three components: (i) whether debtors can initiate both liquidation and reorganization proceedings; (ii) whether creditors can initiate both liquidation and reorganization proceedings; and (iii) what standard is used for commence­ment of insolvency proceedings.
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Communication of tariffs and tariff changes (0-1) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.ELC.COMM.TRFF.CG.01.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe communication of tariffs and tariff changes index evaluates whether electricity tariffs are transparent. A score of 1 is assigned if effective tariffs are available online and customers are notified of a change in tariff a full billing cycle (that is, one month) ahead of time. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Cost - Men (% of income per capita)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.COST.PC.MA.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for men is the total cost required for five male married entrepreneurs to complete the procedures to incorporate and operate a business. It is calculated as a percentage of income per capita. All the fees and costs associated with completing the procedures to start a business are recorded, including all official fees and fees for legal and professional services, if such services are required by law or commonly used in practice. Only incorporation costs are counted, which excludes value added taxes and bribes.
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Cost - Women (% of income per capita)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.COST.PC.FE.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for women is the total cost required for five female married entrepreneurs to complete the procedures to incorporate and operate a business. It is calculated as a percentage of income per capita. All the fees and costs associated with completing the procedures to start a business are recorded, including all official fees and fees for legal and professional services, if such services are required by law or commonly used in practice. Only incorporation costs are counted, which excludes value added taxes and bribes.
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Cost (% of claim)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.COST.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost to enforce contracts is recorded as a percentage of the claim value, assumed to be equivalent to 200% of income per capita or $5,000, whichever is greater. Three types of costs are recorded: average attorney fees, court costs and enforcement costs. Bribes are not taken into account.
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Cost (% of estate)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
RESLV.ISV.COST.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost to resolve insolvency is the cost of the proceedings is recorded as a percentage of the value of the debtor’s estate, including court fees and government levies, fees of insolvency administrators, auctioneers, assessors and lawyers, and all other fees and costs.
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Cost (% of income per capita)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.ELC.ACS.COSTWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost is the total median cost associated with completing the procedures to connect a warehouse to electricity. It is calculated as a percentage of income per capita. All the fees and costs associated with completing the procedures to connect a warehouse to electricity are recorded, including those related to obtaining clearances from government agencies, applying for the connection, receiving inspections of both the site and the internal wiring, purchasing material, getting the actual connection works and paying a security deposit. Bribes are not included.
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Cost (% of property value)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.PRRT.COST.PRT.VALWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost is the total of official costs associated with completing the procedures to transfer the property, expressed as a percentage of the property value, assumed to be equiva­lent to 50 times income per capita. It is calculted as a percentage of the property value. Only official costs required by law are recorded, including fees, transfer taxes, stamp duties and any other payment to the property registry, notaries, public agencies or lawyers. Other taxes, such as capital gains tax or value added tax, are excluded from the cost measure. Both costs borne by the buyer and the seller are included. If cost estimates differ among sources, the median reported value is used.
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Cost (% of Warehouse value)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CNST.PRMT.COST.WRH.VALWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost records all official costs associated with completing the procedures to legally build a warehouse, including the costs associated with obtaining land use approvals and preconstruction design clearances; receiving inspections before, during and after construction; obtaining utility connections; and registering the warehouse at the property registry. It is calculated as a percentage of the warehouse value. Nonrecurring taxes required for the completion of the warehouse project are also recorded. Sales taxes (such as value added tax) or capital gains taxes are not recorded. Nor are deposits that must be paid up front and are later refunded.
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Cost to export (US$ per container deflated) (DB06-15 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.EXPT.COST.CD.DB0615World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost to export records the cost associated with exporting a standardized cargo of goods by sea transport through 4 predefined stages: document preparation; customs clearance and inspections; inland transport and handling; and port and terminal handling. It is calculated in US dollars per container deflated. Cost measures the fees levied on the export of goods in a 20-foot container, in US dollars. All fees charged by government agencies and the private sector to a trader in the process of exporting and importing the goods are taken into account. These include but are not limited to costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and inspections, customs broker fees, port-related charges and inland transport costs. Only official costs are recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB06-15 studies.
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Cost to export: Border compliance (USD) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.EXPT.COST.BRDR.COMP.CD.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for border compliance to export records the cost associated with compliance with the economy’s customs regulations and with regulations relating to other inspections that are mandatory in order for the export shipment to cross the economy’s border, as well as the time and cost for handling that takes place at its port or border. It is calculated in US dollars. The cost for this segment include the cost for customs clearance and inspection procedures conducted by other agencies. For example, the cost for conducting a phytosanitary inspection would be included here. Informal payments for which no receipt is issued are excluded from the costs recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Cost to export: Documentary compliance (USD) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.EXPT.COST.DOC.COMP.CD.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for documentary compliance to export records the cost associated with compliance with the export documentary requirements of all government agencies of the origin economy, the destination economy and any transit economies. It is calculated in UD dollars. The cost for documentary compliance includes the cost for obtaining, preparing, processing, presenting and submitting documents. Insurance cost and informal payments for which no receipt is issued are excluded from the costs recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Cost to import (US$ per container deflated) (DB06-15 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.IMP.COST.CD.DB0615World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost to import records the cost associated with importing a standardized cargo of goods by sea transport through 4 predefined stages: document preparation; customs clearance and inspections; inland transport and handling; and port and terminal handling. It is calculated in US dollars per container deflated. Cost measures the fees levied on import of goods in a 20-foot container, in US dollars. All fees charged by government agencies and the private sector to a trader in the process of exporting and importing the goods are taken into account. These include but are not limited to costs for documents, administrative fees for customs clearance and inspections, customs broker fees, port-related charges and inland transport costs. Only official costs are recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB06-15 studies.
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Cost to import: Border compliance (USD) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.IMP.COST.BRDR.COMP.CD.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for border compliance to import records the cost associated with compliance with the economy’s customs regulations and with regulations relating to other inspections that are mandatory in order for the import shipment to cross the economy’s border, as well as the time and cost for handling that takes place at its port or border. It is calculated in US dollars. The cost for this segment include the cost for customs clearance and inspection procedures conducted by other agencies. For example, the cost for conducting a technical standard inspection would be included here. Informal payments for which no receipt is issued are excluded from the costs recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Cost to import: Documentary compliance (USD) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.IMP.COST.DOC.COMP.CD.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe cost for documentary compliance to import records the cost associated with compliance with the import documentary requirements of all government agencies of the origin economy, the destination economy and any transit economies. It is calculated in US dollars. The cost for documentary compliance includes the cost for obtaining, preparing, processing, presenting and submitting documents. Insurance cost and informal payments for which no receipt is issued are excluded from the costs recorded. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Court automation (0-4) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.CTAUWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe court automation evaluates four aspects: (i) whether the initial complaint can be filed electronically; (ii) whether the initial complaint can be served electronically; (iii) whether court fees can be paid electronically; and (iv) whether judgments rendered in commercial matters are made available to the public. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Court fees (% of claim)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.CTFE.PRWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe court fees include all costs that plaintiff must advance to the court, regardless of the final cost borne by plaintiff. Court costs include the fees that the parties must pay to obtain an expert opinion, regardless of whether they are paid to the court or to the expert directly.
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Court structure and proceedings (0-5) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.CTSP.DB1719World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe court structure and proceedings evaluates five aspects of the court system: (i) whether a specialized commercial court, division or section is available; (ii) whether a small claims court and/or simplified procedure for small claims is available; (iii) whether pretrial attachment of defendant's movable assets is available; (iv) whether new cases are assigned randomly and through an automated system to judges; and (v) whether a woman’s testimony in court carries the same evidentiary weight as that of a man's. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Credit bureau coverage (% of adults)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.PRVT.CRD.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe credit bureau coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a credit bureau’s database as of January 1 with information on their borrowing history from the past five years, and the number of individuals and firms that have had no borrowing history in the past five years but for which a lender requested a credit report from the bureau in the previous calendar year. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
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Credit registry coverage (% of adults)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.PUBL.CRD.REG.COVR.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe credit registry coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a credit registry’s database as of January 1 with information on their borrowing history from the past five years, and the number of individuals and firms that have had no borrowing history in the past five years but for which a lender requested a credit report from the registry in the previous calendar year. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population.
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Creditor participation index (0-4) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
RESLV.ISV.CPI.04.XD.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe creditor participation index has four components: (i) whether creditors appoint the insolvency representative or approve, ratify or reject the appointment of the insolvency representative; (ii) Whether creditors are required to approve the sale of substantial assets of the debtor in the course of insol­vency proceedings; (iii) Whether an individual creditor has the right to access financial information about the debtor during insolvency proceedings; and (iv) Whether an individual creditor can object to a decision of the court or of the insolvency representative to approve or reject claims against the debtor brought by the creditor itself and by other creditors.
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Depth of credit information index (0-6) (DB05-14 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.DPTH.CISI.XD.06.DB0514World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe depth of credit information index measures the coverage, scope and accessibility of credit information available through credit reporting service providers such as credit bureaus or credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 8 based on the methodology in the DB05-14 studies.
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Depth of credit information index (0-8) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.DPTH.CISI.XD.08.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe depth of credit information index measures the coverage, scope and accessibility of credit information available through credit reporting service providers such as credit bureaus or credit registries. The index ranges from 0 to 8 based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Documents to export (number) (DB06-15 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.DOCS.EXPT.NO.DB0615World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe number of documents to export records the number of documents required by law or common practice by relevant agencies per export shipment. All documents required by law or common practice by relevant agencies—including government ministries, customs authorities, port authorities and other control agencies—per export shipment are taken into account. For landlocked economies, documents required by authorities in the transit economy are also included. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are requested at the time of clearance but that are valid for a year or longer or do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Documents that are required by customs authorities purely for purposes of preferential treatment but are not required for any other purpose by any of the authorities in the process of trading are not included. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB06-15 studies.
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Documents to import (number) (DB06-15 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
TRD.ACRS.BRDR.DOCS.IMP.NO.DB0615World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe number of documents to import records the number of documents required by law or common practice by relevant agencies per import shipment. All documents required by law or common practice by relevant agencies—including government ministries, customs authorities, port authorities and other control agencies—per import shipment are taken into account. For landlocked economies, documents required by authorities in the transit economy are also included. Since payment is by letter of credit, all documents required by banks for the issuance or securing of a letter of credit are also taken into account. Documents that are requested at the time of clearance but that are valid for a year or longer or do not require renewal per shipment (for example, an annual tax clearance certificate) are not included. Documents that are required by customs authorities purely for purposes of preferential treatment but are not required for any other purpose by any of the authorities in the process of trading are not included. The component indicator is computed based on the methodology in the DB06-15 studies.
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Ease of Doing Business rank
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.BUS.EASE.XQWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of doing business ranking ranges from 1 to 190. The ranking of economies is determined by sorting the aggregate ease of doing business scores.
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Ease of doing business score (DB10-14 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.BUS.EASE.DFRN.DB1014World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of doing business score is the simple average of the scores for each of the Doing Business topics: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. The score is computed based on the methodology in the DB10-14 studies for topics that underwent methodology updates.
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Ease of doing business score (DB15 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.BUS.EASE.DFRN.DB16World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of doing business score is the simple average of the scores for each of the Doing Business topics: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. The score is computed based on the methodology in the DB15 studies for topics that underwent methodology updates.
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Ease of doing business score (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.BUS.EASE.DFRN.XQ.DB1719World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of doing business score is the simple average of the scores for each of the Doing Business topics: starting a business, dealing with construction permits, getting electricity, registering property, getting credit, protecting minority investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. The score is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies for topics that underwent methodology updates.
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Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10) (DB06-14 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EASE.SHARE.LGL.XD.010.DB0614World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of shareholder suits index measures how likely plaintiffs are to access internal corporate evidence. It has six components: (i) whether shareholders owning 10% of the company’s share capital have the right to inspect the Buyer-Seller transaction documents before filing a suit; (ii) whether shareholders owning 10% of the company’s share capital can request that a government inspector investigate the Buyer-Seller transaction without filing a suit; (iii) what range of documents is available to the shareholder plaintiff from the defendant and witnesses during trial; (iv) whether the plaintiff can obtain cate­gories of relevant documents from the defendant without identifying each document specifically; (v) whether the plaintiff can directly examine the defendant and witnesses during trial (0-2); and (vi) whether the standard of proof for civil suits is lower than that for criminal cases. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB06-14 studies.
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Ease of shareholder suits index (0-10) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EASE.SHARE.LGL.XD.010.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe ease of shareholder suits index measures how likely plaintiffs are to access internal corporate evidence and recover legal expenses. It has six components: (i) whether shareholders owning 10% of the company’s share capital have the right to inspect the Buyer-Seller transaction documents before filing a suit. Alternatively, whether they can request that a government inspector investigate the Buyer-Seller transaction without filing a suit; (ii) what range of documents is available to the shareholder plaintiff from the defendant and witnesses during trial; (iii) whether the plaintiff can obtain cate­gories of relevant documents from the defendant without identifying each document specifically; (iv) whether the plaintiff can directly examine the defendant and witnesses during trial; (v) whether the standard of proof for civil suits is lower than that for criminal cases; and (vi) whether shareholder plaintiffs can recover their legal expenses from the company. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Enforcement fees (% of claim)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.ENFE.PRWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe enforcement fees are all costs that plaintiff must advance to enforce the judgment through a public sale of defendant’s movable assets, regardless of the final cost borne by plaintiff.
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Enforcement of judgment (days)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.ENJU.DYWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe time for enforcement of judgment captures the time from the moment the time to appeal has elapsed until the money is recovered by the winning party.
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Equal access to property rights index (-2-0) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.PRRT.EQACCS.XD.08.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe equal access to property rights index evaluates whether married or unmarried women have equal access to property rights. It has two components: (i) whether unmarried men and unmar­ried women have equal ownership rights to property; and (ii) whether married men and married women have equal ownership rights to property. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Extent of corporate transparency index (0-7) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EXT.CORP.TRANP.XD.0010.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe extent of corporate transparency index measures the level of information that companies must share regarding their board members, senior executives, annual meetings and audits. This index has seven components: (i) whether Buyer must disclose direct and indirect beneficial ownership stakes representing 5%; (ii) whether Buyer must disclose information about board members’ primary employment and director­ships in other companies; (iii) whether Buyer must disclose the compensation of individual managers; (iv) whether a detailed notice of general meeting must be sent 21 calendar days before the meeting; (v) whether shareholders representing 5% of Buyer’s share capital can put items on the general meeting agenda; (vi) whether Buyer’s annual financial statements must be audited by an external auditor; (vii) whether Buyer must disclose its audit reports to the public. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Extent of director liability index (0-10)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.IC.PRIN.EXT.DIR.LGL.010.XDWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe extent of director liability index measures when board members can be held liable for harm caused by related-party transactions and what sanctions are available. It has seven components: (i) whether shareholders can sue directly or derivatively for the damage the transaction causes to the company; (ii) whether a shareholder plaintiff can hold Mr. James liable for the damage the Buyer-Seller transaction causes to the company; (iii) whether a shareholder plaintiff can hold other executives and directors (the CEO, members of the board of directors or members of the supervisory board) liable for the damage the transaction causes to the company; (iv) whether Mr. James pays damages for the harm caused to the company upon a successful claim by the shareholder plaintiff; (v) whether Mr. James repays profits made from the transaction upon a successful claim by the shareholder plaintiff; (vi) whether Mr. James is disqualified upon a successful claim by the shareholder plaintiff; and (vii) whether a court can void the trans­action upon a successful claim by a shareholder plaintiff.
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Extent of disclosure index (0-10)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EXT.BUS.DISC.010.XDWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe extent of disclosure index measures the approval and disclosure requirements of related-party transactions. It has five components: (i) whether it is the managing director alone, the board of directors, or the general meeting of shareholders the corporate body who can provide legally sufficient approval for the transaction (points are assigned depending on whether interested directors are permitted to vote or not); (ii) whether an external body (an independent auditor, for example) must review the transaction before it takes place; (iii) whether disclosure by Mr. James to the board of directors or the supervisory board is required; (iv) whether immediate disclosure of the transaction to the public, the regulator or the shareholders is required; and (v) whether disclosure in periodic filings (for example, annual reports) is required.
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Extent of ownership and control index (0-7) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EXT.OWNR.CONT.XD.0100.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe extent of ownership and control index measures the rules governing the structure and change in control of companies. This index has seven components: (i) whether the same individual cannot be appointed CEO and chairperson of the board of directors; (ii) whether the board of directors must include independent nonexecutive board members; (iii) whether shareholder can remove members of the board of directors without cause before the end of their term; (iv) whether the board of directors must have an audit committee; (v) whether a potential acquirer must make a tender offer to all shareholders upon acquiring 50% of Buyer; (vi) whether Buyer must pay declared dividends within a maximum period set by law; (vii) whether a subsidiary cannot acquire shares issued by its parent company. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Extent of shareholder rights index (0-6) (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PROT.MINOR.INV.EXT.SHARE.RTS.XD.010.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe extent of shareholder rights index measures the role of shareholders in key corporate decisions. It has six components: (i) whether the sale of 51% of Buyer’s assets requires shareholder approval; (ii) whether shareholders representing 10% of Buyer’s share capital have the right to call for a meeting of shareholders; (iii) whether Buyer must obtain its share­holders’ approval every time it issues new shares; (iv) whether shareholders automatically receive preemption rights when Buyer issues new shares; (v) whether shareholders elect and dismiss the external auditor; (vi) whether changes to the rights of a class of shares are only possible if the holders of the affected shares approve. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Filing and service (days)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
ENF.CONT.COEN.FLSR.DYWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe time for filing and service captures the time from the moment plaintiff decides to sue until defendant is served.
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Financial deterrents aimed at limiting outages (0-1) (DB16-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.ELC.LMTG.OUTG.01.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionTh financial deterrents index evaluates whether financial deterrents exist to limit outages. A score of 1 is assigned if the utility compensates customers when outages exceed a certain cap, if the utility is fined by the regulator when outages exceed a certain cap or if both these conditions are met. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB16-20 studies.
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Geographic coverage index (0-8) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.PRRT.GEO.COVR.XD.08.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe geographic coverage index assesses the extent to which the land registry and cadastre provide complete geographic coverage of privately held land parcels. It has four components: (i) how complete the coverage of the land registry is at the level of the largest business city; (ii) how complete the coverage of the land registry is at the level of the economy; (iii) how complete the coverage of the mapping agency is at the level of the largest business city; and (iv) how complete the coverage of the mapping agency is at the level of the economy. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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Getting Credit total score (DB05-14 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.ACES.DB0514World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe total score for getting credit is the sum of the strength of legal rights index and the depth of credit information index, based on the methodology in the DB05-14 studies.
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Getting Credit total score (DB15-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.CRED.ACC.ACES.DB1519World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe total score for getting credit is the sum of the strength of legal rights index and the depth of credit information index, based on the methodology in the DB15-20 studies.
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Labor tax and contributions (% of profit)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
PAY.TAX.LABR.TAX.CONTR.ZSWorld Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe labor tax and contributions measures all government mandated labor contributions that are borne by the business in the second year of operation, expressed as a share of commercial pro?t.
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Land dispute resolution index (0-8) (DB17-20 methodology)
DimensionSeries
Database NameDoing Business
CodeSource
IC.REG.PRRT.LAND.DISP.XD.08.DB1619World Bank Group, Doing Business project (http://www.doingbusiness.org/).
DescriptionThe land dispute resolution index measures the accessibility of conflict resolution mechanisms and the extent of liability for entities or agents recording land transactions. It has eight components: (i) whether the law requires that all property sale transactions be regis­tered at the immovable property registry to make them opposable to third parties; (ii) whether the formal system of immovable property registration is subject to a guarantee; (iii) whether there is a specific, out-of-court compensation mechanism to cover for losses incurred by parties who engaged in good faith in a prop­erty transaction based on erroneous information certified by the immov­able property registry; (iv) whether the legal system requires verification of the legal validity of the documents (such as the sales, transfer or conveyance deed) necessary for a property transaction; (v) whether the legal system requires verification of the identity of the parties to a property transaction; (vi) whether there is a national database to verify the accuracy of identity documents; (vii) how much time it takes to obtain a decision from a court of first instance (without an appeal) in a standard land dispute between two local busi­nesses over tenure rights worth 50 times income per capita and located in the largest business city; and (viii) whether there are publicly avail­able statistics on the number of land disputes in the first instance. The index is computed based on the methodology in the DB17-20 studies.
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