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DataBank

Metadata Glossary

Showing results from 1 to 26 of 26
Access to water (access to an improved water source)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.09.waterWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, Joint Measurement Programme (JMP)
DescriptionAccess to an improved water source is currently defined as the percentage of the population that can obtain at least 20 liters per person per day from an “improved” source that is within one kilometer of the user’s dwelling. Improved water sources include household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection, but do not include water provided through vendors, tanker trucks, unprotected wells, unprotected springs, and bottled water. Unsafe water and lack of basic sanitation is the direct cause of many water-related diseases in developing countries. This indicator monitors access to improved water sources based on the assumption that improved sources are likely to provide safer water and relates to the seventh MDG to ensure environmental sustainability.
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Agricultural census
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
3.01.04.01.agcenWorld Bank: Microdata library. Original source: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
DescriptionAgricultural censuses collect information on agricultural activities, such as agricultural land use, employment and production, and provide basic structural data and sampling frames for agricultural surveys. It is recommended that agricultural censuses be conducted at least every 10 years.
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Balance of payments manual in use
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
2.04.01.01.excncptIMF: Balance of Payment Statistics yearbook (BPS)
DescriptionThe Balance of Payments Manual serves as an international standard for the compilation of balance of payments statistics. The manual has evolved to meet changing economic and financial environment and analytic requirements. The first edition was published in 1948 and successive editions in 1950, 1961, 1977, 1993, and 2013.
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Child immunization (proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.04.immunWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: WHO and UNICEF
DescriptionThe proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles is the proportion of children aged one who received one dose of measles vaccine. A child is considered adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of vaccine. Immunization is an essential component for reducing under-five mortality, and it serves as a proxy to measure the coverage and the quality of the child health care system. This indicator is also related to the fourth MDG aiming at reducing child mortality.
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Child malnutrition (prevalence of underweight children under five)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.02.malnutWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: World Health Organization (WHO), Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition
DescriptionPrevalence of underweight children under-five years of age, also known as prevalence of child malnutrition (weight for age), is the percentage of children under-five whose weight for age is less than minus two standard deviations from the median for the international reference population ages 0 to 59 months. The data are based on the World Health Organization’s new child growth standards released in 2006. Child malnutrition is linked to poverty, low levels of education, and poor access to health services. Sufficient and good-quality nutrition is therefore critical for development, health, and survival of current and succeeding generations. This indicator monitors nutritional status and health in populations and relates to the first MDG aiming at reducing poverty and hunger.
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Child mortality (under-five mortality rate)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.03.mortalWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA, UNPD
DescriptionUnder-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. The probability is expressed as a rate per 1,000. The indicator measures child survival. Survival of a child is closely linked to the provision of primary health-care services; but poverty, malnutrition, a decline in breast-feeding, maternal education, use of improved water, and inadequacy sanitation and health facilities are all associated with high child mortality. The indicator relates to the fourth MDG calling for reducing child mortality.
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Consumer Price Index Base year
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
2.01.03.01.prcpbaseIMF: International Financial Statistics (IFS) - Country notes
DescriptionConsumer Price Index (CPI) serves as indicators of inflation and reflects changes in the cost of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services by the average consumer. Weights are usually derived from consumer expenditure surveys and the CPI base year refers to the year the weights were derived.
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Enrolment reporting to UNESCO
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.12.01.01.unescoWorld Bank EdStats. Original source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS)
DescriptionUNESCO Institute of Statistics compiles data on education based on official responses to surveys and from reports provided by education authorities in each country. As the recommended periodicity of these data is annual, annual reporting from countries is considered a good practice.
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External debt reporting
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.04.01.01.exdebtWorld Bank: World Development Indicator (Primary Data Documentation): Original source: International Debt Statistics (for low and middle income countries).
DescriptionThe principal sources of external debt statistics are reports submitted to the World Bank through its Debtor Reporting System by reporting countries. Data quality and coverage vary among countries and from year to year. The reporting status shows, for the latest series, whether data were used as reported (actual), data were preliminary and included an element of staff estimation (preliminary), or data are staff estimates (estimate).
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GDP growth (GDP per capita growth)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.10.gdpWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files
DescriptionGDP per capita is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output, divided by mid-year population. Growth is calculated from constant price GDP data in local currency. Sustained economic growth increases average incomes and is strongly linked to poverty reduction. GDP per capita provides a basic measure of the value of output per person, which is an indirect indicator of per capita income. Growth in GDP and GDP per capita are considered broad measures of economic growth.
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Gender equality in education (gross enrollment rate of girls to boys in primary and secondary education)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.07.genderWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics: Table 5: Enrolment ratios by ISCED level
DescriptionThe indicator is defined as the ratio of the gross enrollment rate of girls to boys in primary and secondary education levels in both public and private schools. Women have an enormous impact on the well-being of their families and societies, but their potential is sometimes not realized because of discriminatory social norms, incentives, and legal institutions. Although their status has improved in recent decades, gender inequalities persist. Education is one of the most important aspects of human development, and eliminating gender disparity at all levels of education would help to increase the status and capabilities of women. This indicator provides a measure of equality of educational opportunity and relates to the third MDG that seeks to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women.
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Government Finance accounting concept
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
3.02.01.02.fscovWorld Bank: World Development Indicator (Primary Data Documentation). Original source: IMF: Government Finance Statistics Yearbook.
DescriptionGovernment finance accounting concept describes the accounting basis for reporting central government financial data. For many countries government finance data have been consolidated into one set of accounts capturing all the central government's fiscal activities. Budgetary central government accounts do not necessarily include all central government units, the picture they provide of central government activities is usually incomplete.
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Health surveys
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.13.01.01.hlthsurvMicrodata library. Original source: Measure DHS - Demographic and Health Surveys
DescriptionHealth surveys collect information on various aspects of health of populations, such as health expenditure, access, utilization, and outcomes. They typically include Demographic and Health Surveys, Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, Integrated Surveys, Living Standard Measuring Surveys, Priority Surveys and other health related surveys. It is recommended that health surveys be conducted at least every 3 to 5 years.
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HIV/AIDS (prevalence of HIV, total [% of population ages 15-49])
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.05.hivWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: UNAIDS
DescriptionHIV prevalence at any given age is the difference between the cumulative numbers of people who have become affected with HIV up to this age and the number who died, expressed as a percentage of the total number alive at this age. The basis of measuring infection is the incidence of HIV among people aged 15-49. HIV/AIDS is one of the world’s most important killers and has its greatest impact on poor countries and poor people. This indicator relates to MDG number six to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
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Import and Export Price Indexes
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.04.01.02.impexpIMF: International Financial Statistics (IFS). Series 74, 75, or/and 76.
DescriptionImport and export price indexes measure changes in the price of goods and services in international trade. They are used to deflate the value of imports and exports. Import price index is also used as an indicator of future domestic inflation.
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Income Poverty
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.01.povertyWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: World Bank, Development Research Group, PovcalNet
DescriptionProportion of population below US$1.25 a day is the percentage of the population living on less than $1.25 a day at 2005 international prices. The US$1.25 poverty line is compared to consumption or income per person and includes consumption from own production and income in kind. This poverty line has fixed purchasing power across countries. This indicator measures progress toward the reduction of extreme poverty and relates to the first MDG goal to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
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Industrial Production Index
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.01.01.01.industIMF: International Financial Statistics (IFS), Series 66
DescriptionIndustrial production index measures changes in industrial production and is widely used for the observation and analysis of the current economic activity. Monthly survey on industrial production of index allows identifying the turning points in economic development at an early stage.
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Maternal health (births attended by skilled health staff)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.06.maternWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original sources: UNICEF: State of the World's Children
DescriptionBirths attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period, to conduct deliveries on their own, and to care for the newborns. High maternal mortality rates in many countries are the result of inadequate reproductive health care for women and inadequately spaced births. The indicator monitors the ability of the health system to provide good antenatal and postnatal care for women and relates to the fifth MDG aiming at improving maternal health, with a target of reducing by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
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National Accounts Base Year
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
2.01.01.02.nabaseWorld Bank: World Development Indicator (Primary Data Documentation)
DescriptionNational accounts base year is the year used as the base period for constant price calculations in the country's national accounts. It is recommended that he base year of constant price estimates be changed periodically to reflect changes in economic structure and relative prices.
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National immunization coverage
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.13.01.01.whoWHO / UNICEF
DescriptionWHO and UNICEF collect and review data available on national immunization coverage. Then estimates on the level of immunization coverage are made by using officially reported data, survey results, scientific literature, and by taking account of potential biases and consultation with local experts. The gap between the international estimates and the government official estimates therefore suggests that the estimation method adopted by the country differs from the internationally recommended practice.
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Population Census
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
3.11.01.01.popcenWorld Bank Microdata library. Original source: United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), 2010 World Population and Housing Censuses Programme
DescriptionPopulation censuses collect data on the size, distribution and composition of population and information on a broad range of social and economic characteristics of the population. It also provides sampling frames for household and other surveys. It is recommended that population censuses be conducted at least every 10 years.
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Poverty surveys
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.14.01.01.povsurvWorld Bank Microdata library
DescriptionPoverty surveys collect data on household income, consumption and expenditure, including income in kind. They typically include income, expenditure, and consumption surveys, household budget surveys, Integrated Surveys, Living Standard Measuring Surveys, and other poverty related surveys. It is recommended that poverty surveys be conducted at least every 3 to 5 years.
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Primary completion (primary completion rate)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.51.01.08.primcompWorld Development Indicator (WDI) databank. Original source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics: Table 12: Measures of progression and completion in primary education (ISCED 1)
DescriptionPrimary completion rate (PCR) is the number of students successfully completing the last year of (or graduating from) primary school in a given year, divided by the number of children of official graduation age in the population. Because of difficulties with developing data based on this definition, data analysis is generally based on the PCR proxy indicator which is the number of children reaching the last year of primary school (as defined by a country) net of repeaters. The indicator, which monitors education system coverage and student progression, is intended to measure human capital formation and school system quality and efficiency and relates to the second MDG to achieve universal primary education.
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Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS)
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
5.21.01.01.sddsWorld Bank: World Development Indicator (Primary Data Documentation). Original Source: IMF SDDS website
DescriptionThe Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) was established by the IMF for member countries that have or that might seek access to international capital markets, to guide them in providing their economic and financial data to the public. Although subscription is voluntary, the subscribing member needs to be committed to observing the standard and provide information about its data and data dissemination practices (metadata). The metadata are posted on the IMF's Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board. The SDDS is expected to enhance the availability of timely and comprehensive data and improve the functioning of financial markets.
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Statistical Capacity Indicator
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
IQ.SCI.OVRL
DescriptionThe Statistical Capacity Indicator provides an overview of the capacity of a country's national statistical system based on a diagnostic framework thereby assessing three dimensions: Methodology, Source Data, and Periodicity and Timeliness.
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Vital Registration
DimensionSeries
Database NameStatistical Capacity Indicators
CodeSource
3.11.01.03.popregWorld Bank: World Development Indicator (Primary Data Documentation): Original source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division. Population and Vital Statistics Report
DescriptionVital registration systems record the occurrence and characteristics of vital events pertaining to the population and serve as a main source of vital statistics. Countries with complete vital statistics registries may have more accurate and timely demographic indicators.
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