1990
2000
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
Population, total14,951,510.015,925,513.016,445,593.016,530,388.016,615,394.016,693,074.016,754,962.016,804,432.016,865,008.016,939,923.017,030,314.017,131,296.0
Population growth (annual %)0.70.70.40.50.50.50.40.30.40.40.50.6
Surface area (sq. km)41,530.041,530.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.041,540.0
Population density (people per sq. km of land area)442.9471.7487.1490.1492.6495.0496.9498.8500.6502.8505.5508.5
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population)........................
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day (2011 PPP) (% of population)....0.00.20.00.00.00.00.00.0....
GNI, Atlas method (current US$)303,837,731,109.1458,816,455,489.2866,129,112,193.0887,154,096,369.6895,635,527,379.1909,377,432,214.0886,917,900,771.6889,823,480,767.0876,560,769,199.4843,849,552,489.7798,649,984,173.8803,029,042,998.3
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)20,320.028,810.052,670.053,670.053,900.054,480.052,930.052,950.051,980.049,810.046,900.046,870.0
GNI, PPP (current international $)284,255,403,053.9516,730,737,050.9741,916,192,386.0729,474,044,118.5750,559,058,861.0788,764,031,504.7805,602,323,121.6838,682,680,044.0828,263,670,286.0852,766,433,552.6861,382,557,874.0936,142,168,836.2
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $)19,010.032,450.045,110.044,130.045,170.047,250.048,080.049,910.049,110.050,340.050,580.054,650.0
Income share held by lowest 20%....8.79.09.09.19.18.98.88.9....
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)76.978.080.380.580.781.281.181.381.781.581.681.6
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)1.61.71.81.81.81.81.71.71.71.71.71.7
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)7.06.85.15.04.84.64.44.34.24.13.93.8
Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15-49)....75.0........73.0........
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)........................
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)8.36.24.84.64.54.34.24.24.14.04.03.9
Prevalence of underweight, weight for age (% of children under 5)........................
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months)94.096.096.096.096.096.096.096.096.095.094.093.0
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)........................
School enrollment, primary (% gross)102.9108.0108.3108.4108.3107.5105.8....102.7103.3104.2
School enrollment, secondary (% gross)118.3122.4120.4120.6122.1128.2129.0....133.5132.7135.6
School enrollment, primary and secondary (gross), gender parity index (GPI)1.01.01.01.01.01.01.0....1.01.01.0
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49)0.10.10.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.20.2
Forest area (sq. km)3,450.03,600.03,698.03,714.03,730.03,736.03,742.03,748.03,754.03,760.03,766.0..
Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area)....................17.921.2
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources)............97.5..97.5......
Urban population growth (annual %)1.31.71.41.51.51.31.21.00.91.01.01.1
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)4,394.54,739.14,848.04,722.15,025.34,636.74,646.34,600.24,325.54,233.0....
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)10.610.910.810.411.010.410.210.39.9......
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)5,218.26,507.17,173.06,856.37,006.37,060.16,876.66,833.96,712.8......
GDP (current US$)318,330,511,920.6416,442,786,069.7947,997,656,364.4868,077,243,678.8846,554,894,931.1904,085,980,796.0838,971,306,990.9876,923,518,850.4890,981,311,077.7765,264,949,781.0783,528,181,704.6831,809,944,960.9
GDP growth (annual %)4.24.22.2-3.71.31.6-1.0-0.11.42.02.22.9
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)1.63.42.30.20.90.21.41.30.30.80.51.3
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)4.02.31.61.61.81.61.71.81.71.71.81.9
Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP)26.321.721.520.319.720.120.019.318.418.217.617.7
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)54.466.069.862.269.875.579.579.980.682.779.583.4
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)49.659.561.354.761.767.069.869.769.575.269.372.6
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)24.222.622.320.720.220.018.718.517.922.520.520.6
Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP)41.937.938.537.537.737.538.038.838.837.838.939.1
Time required to start a business (days)....8.08.08.08.05.04.03.53.53.53.5
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP)....180.0204.8215.6221.4231.4206.9215.5204.4207.2190.6
Tax revenue (% of GDP)23.320.921.120.921.020.219.419.720.621.221.923.1
Military expenditure (% of GDP)2.41.41.31.41.31.31.21.21.21.11.21.2
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)0.567.5124.5121.2115.0118.5117.4115.6115.8122.9123.0120.6
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)....26.028.027.825.125.526.025.824.123.923.0
Statistical Capacity score (Overall average)........................
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)81.0108.4128.6108.4128.8139.5148.1143.8141.6141.5136.7147.5
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)..100.0151.1144.6133.0139.6128.2133.0135.0113.7114.0115.4
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$)........................
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Created from: World Bank, World Development Indicators

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