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World Development Indicators

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1990
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Population, total21,772,03526,000,08027,723,28128,030,68828,328,41028,625,62828,934,30329,262,83029,614,88729,987,80030,375,60330,769,077
Population growth (annual %)221111111111
Surface area (sq. km)1,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,2201,285,220
Population density (people per sq. km of land area)172022222222232323232424
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population)....564942373431282624..
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day (PPP) (% of population)..1386654333....
GNI, Atlas method (current US$)19,254,119,83651,067,025,03370,163,889,17677,876,067,04889,880,293,171107,832,339,369113,771,358,936128,542,432,288144,960,363,721170,436,508,222190,516,425,466197,216,099,681
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)8801,9602,5302,7803,1703,7703,9304,3904,8905,6806,2706,410
GNI, PPP (current international $)74,295,840,343129,947,725,740172,590,931,141187,587,939,335209,987,219,421236,051,116,336241,043,797,839262,827,917,284284,677,156,246311,681,408,940338,814,505,106354,275,406,412
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $)3,4105,0006,2306,6907,4108,2508,3308,9809,61010,39011,15011,510
Income share held by lowest 20%..344444544....
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)6671727373737474747575..
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)43333333222..
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)7165575655545352525150..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49)..69..71..727374757674..
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)..59..71....83848587....
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)8040282624222120181817..
Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of children under 5)..55....54444....
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months)6497779392929194969485..
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)..1021011011031019899969193..
School enrollment, primary (% gross)119122115114113110108107105100102..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross)6785858789899192929094..
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%)..97999999999999999899..
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49)01000000000..
Forest area (sq. km)701,560692,130687,420685,920684,420682,920681,420679,920678,420676,920....
Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area)58131313131318..18....
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources)..................11..
Improved water source (% of population with access)74818384848585868687....
Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)54636768697071727273....
Urban population growth (annual %)322222222222
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)447470492473506525594656696724....
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)111121222......
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)5486788348859671,0401,0431,0981,2481,218....
GDP (current US$)25,710,059,62250,980,876,64174,948,136,10887,862,945,391102,172,270,631121,571,548,358121,192,156,714148,522,810,767170,564,249,130192,677,084,133202,362,597,917202,902,760,293
GDP growth (annual %)-536899186662
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)6,26142822265223
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)..987788787....
Industry, value added (% of GDP)..323739413937383937....
Services, etc., value added (% of GDP)..595553525355545456....
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)161727303028252730272422
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)141920212328212326252524
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)141816192227212526262827
Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP)13181920212119202122....
Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)-8-2-1222-1112....
Time required to start a business (days)....104747467412726262626
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP)212718151720201919182225
Tax revenue (% of GDP)11131416161614151617....
Military expenditure (% of GDP)022111111111
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)052033547385991109898103
Internet users (per 100 people)0317212531313536383940
Source: World Development Indicators. Click on a metadata icon for original source information to be used for citation.
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