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World Development Indicators

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Population, total4,391,2004,898,4005,162,6005,218,4005,268,4005,318,7005,383,3005,447,9005,514,6005,607,2005,719,6005,834,200
Population growth (annual %)211111111222
Surface area (sq. km)199,950199,950199,950199,950199,950199,950199,949199,949199,949199,949199,949199,949
Population density (people per sq. km of land area)232627272728282829293030
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population)......4035323234373837..
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.25 a day (PPP) (% of population)..37201326665......
GNI, Atlas method (current US$)..1,375,179,5032,298,698,2132,607,925,1783,222,049,0764,068,038,5434,654,912,6664,636,750,0794,850,448,5065,814,144,1556,960,099,5907,318,025,690
GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)..2804505006107608608508801,0401,2201,250
GNI, PPP (current international $)9,861,710,9817,572,329,89510,504,390,37011,381,188,80112,725,465,30113,686,607,84614,211,370,98213,945,454,29414,393,401,50215,960,706,55517,709,257,93118,786,654,533
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $)2,2501,5502,0302,1802,4202,5702,6402,5602,6102,8503,1003,220
Income share held by lowest 20%..96697778......
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)6869686868686969707070..
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)42333333333..
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19)6146323130303029292928..
Contraceptive prevalence (% of women ages 15-49)......48..........36....
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)9999989898999998..99....
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)6649403836353230282624..
Malnutrition prevalence, weight for age (% of children under 5)......3....5....4..3
Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months)..98999799999999979899..
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)..9398102979597979698103..
School enrollment, primary (% gross)1109699100989898100101106109..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross)1028487878786848488..88..
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary education (%)100101991001001001009999..99..
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49)00000000000..
Forest area (sq. km)8,3608,5838,6938,8629,0319,2009,3699,5389,7079,876....
Terrestrial and marine protected areas (% of total territorial area)67777776..6....
Annual freshwater withdrawals, total (% of internal resources)........16..........16..
Improved water source (% of population with access)73798485868888888888....
Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)91929292929292929292....
Urban population growth (annual %)111111111222
Energy use (kg of oil equivalent per capita)1,705473499485561594536505600737....
CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita)..11111111......
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)2,3311,6961,3741,3771,4561,3791,3241,3721,6491,809....
GDP (current US$)2,674,000,0001,369,691,9552,460,246,7962,834,168,8893,802,566,1715,139,957,7854,690,062,2554,794,357,7956,197,766,1196,605,139,9337,335,027,5927,404,412,710
GDP growth (annual %)6503983060114
Inflation, GDP deflator (annual %)82779152241022938
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)343732333127211919191717
Industry, value added (% of GDP)353122201924272931262927
Services, etc., value added (% of GDP)313246475049525151555456
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)294238425354555255444237
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)504857798493798282959288
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)242016242729272725353435
Revenue, excluding grants (% of GDP)..14..16212019192123....
Cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)..-3..-1-20-1-5-5-7....
Time required to start a business (days)....212121151110101088
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP)..129121413101110121316
Tax revenue (% of GDP)..12..14161715151618....
Military expenditure (% of GDP)..33333343333
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)00112542658599116124121134
Internet users (per 100 people)0111121416161618202328
Source: World Development Indicators. Click on a metadata icon for original source information to be used for citation.
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